Daniela Perani, Stefania Lalli, Leonardo Iaccarino, Pierpaolo Alongi, Orsola Gambini, Angelo Franzini, Alberto Albanese
Perani, D., Lalli, S., Iaccarino, L., Alongi, P., Gambini, O., Franzini, A., & Albanese, A. (2018). Prefrontal Cortical Stimulation in Tourette Disorder: Proof‐of‐concept Clinical and Neuroimaging Study. Movement disorders clinical practice, 5(5), 499-505.
Publication year: 2019

Abstract

Background

The benefits of neurosurgery in Tourette Syndrome (TS) are still incompletely understood. Prefrontal cortical electrical stimulation offers a less invasive alternative to deep brain stimulation.

Objective

To perform a pilot assessment on safety and efficacy of prefrontal cortical bilateral electrical stimulation in TS using clinical and brain metabolic assessments.

Methods

Four adult TS patients underwent tic assessment using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale and the Rush Video Rating Scale at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 12‐months after implant; whereas FDG‐PET scans were acquired at baseline and after 6 and 12 months.

Results

Tic clinical scores were improved at 6 months after implant, meanwhile they showed a tendency to re‐emerge at the 12‐month follow‐up. There was a correlation between FDG‐PET and tics, mainly consisting in a reduction of baseline brain hypermetabolism, which paralleled tic score reduction.

Conclusion

Epidural stimulation in TS is safe and yields a modulation of tics, paralleled by FDG‐PET metabolic modulation.